The History of Sapphires

The History of Sapphires

Sapphires, with their mesmerizing blue hues and captivating allure, have been cherished throughout history. These gemstones have adorned royalty, inspired legends, and held significant cultural and spiritual meaning across various civilizations. Join us as we explore the fascinating history of sapphires and their enduring appeal.


Ancient Beginnings

The history of sapphires dates back to ancient civilizations. The name "sapphire" is derived from the Greek word "sappheiros," which means blue stone. Ancient Persians believed that the sky was painted blue by the reflection of sapphires. The gem was also treasured by the ancient Greeks and Romans, who associated it with protection and guidance. They believed sapphires could protect their wearers from envy and harm.


Medieval Europe

During the Middle Ages, sapphires were considered symbols of the heavens and were thought to bring divine blessings. Clergymen wore sapphires to symbolize heaven, and the gem was often used in ecclesiastical rings and other religious jewellery. Kings and queens favoured sapphires for their royal blue colour, which symbolized wisdom, virtue, and good fortune. The gem became a popular choice for engagement rings among European nobility, signifying loyalty and fidelity.


Renaissance and Beyond

The Renaissance period saw an increase in the popularity of sapphires. They were used in various pieces of jewellery, including necklaces, brooches, and rings. During this time, the lore surrounding sapphires continued to grow. It was believed that the gemstone could protect against poison, calm the mind, and attract divine favour. Sapphires adorned many royal crowns and regalia, further cementing their status as symbols of power and purity.


Modern Era

In the modern era, sapphires have retained their status as highly sought-after gemstones. One of the most famous sapphires is the 12-carat blue sapphire in Princess Diana’s engagement ring, now worn by Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. This iconic ring has inspired countless replicas and solidified the sapphire's place in contemporary culture.


Cultural Significance

Sapphires are not only treasured for their beauty but also for their cultural and spiritual significance. In Hindu mythology, sapphires are associated with Saturn and are believed to bring discipline and focus. In Buddhism, the blue sapphire is a symbol of spiritual enlightenment and devotion. Throughout history, sapphires have been used in talismans and amulets, believed to provide protection, wisdom, and good fortune.


Sourcing and Cutting

Historically, sapphires were sourced from India, particularly from the region known as Kashmir. The "Kashmir sapphires" are renowned for their deep blue colour and velvety appearance. Today, sapphires are mined in various countries, including Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma), Madagascar, and Australia. Each location produces sapphires with unique characteristics, adding to the gemstone's allure.

The art of cutting sapphires has evolved over the centuries. Early cutters aimed to preserve as much weight as possible, often resulting in irregular shapes. Modern cutting techniques, however, focus on maximizing brilliance and colour, enhancing the gemstone's natural beauty.



The history of sapphires is a rich tapestry woven with tales of royalty, religion, and romance. From ancient civilizations to modern-day admirers, sapphires have captivated hearts and minds with their stunning beauty and profound symbolism. Whether worn as a symbol of love, wisdom, or protection, sapphires continue to shine brightly through the ages, remaining one of the most cherished gemstones in the world.

Embrace the timeless allure of sapphires and let their rich history and vibrant beauty add a touch of elegance and meaning to your life. Whether set in a delicate necklace, a sparkling ring, or a regal crown, sapphires will always be a gemstone of choice for those who appreciate the finer things in life

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